Submitted by guest (not verified) on 28 February 2010 - 5:23pm

i am having trouble with my pob sba the linkages part can somebody plz explain what is a backward linkage and a forward linkage and give me some examples in relation to a spa


Kathy-ann Daniel 2 March 2010 - 8:19am

Hi bigkim,

"linkages" is a common business term. I am sure if you put "backward linkage" and "business" into the google search box, you will get a lot of information. You can also do the same thing with "forward linkage" and "business".

Let me know how that works for you.

Kiffij (not verified) 4 March 2010 - 12:05pm

i got total in my SBA and if u follow this format u will get this selction correct also, just pertaining to the business you have developed:

Linkages and Growth
In this business there are both Forward and Backward linkages. It retails goods and provides services to customers (forward) and it purchases goods and services wholesale from wholesalers (backwards). The business has potential for growth in which it is planning to open up other branches locally and internationally. The business is doing research to find out other ways to enhance its sales and increase production. It is investing in training its human resources in clothing and textile and providing an online service to customers’ which has information about the store and is products.

Kathy-ann Daniel 4 March 2010 - 3:34pm

In reply to by Kiffij (not verified)

Wow, thanks kiffij!

It is really good of you to take the time to answer bigkim's request here; unusual, and very, very good.

I salute you.

Sydonie (not verified) 6 March 2010 - 11:24am

Backward linkage- this is when an already developed company help another business by supplying them with good n services an example is... a bakery that bakes bread will depend on another company for flour.
Forward linkage- this is when a small business have to forward their unfinish product to another company for further processing eg. bauxite in Jamaica have to be sent to trinidad for processing by another comopany

Kiffij (not verified) 10 March 2010 - 5:46pm

your welcome KATHY

guest (not verified) 17 September 2010 - 6:20pm

hi i am tanya and i'm having trouble wit mathematics omg it's so hard i mean u see angles and devision i need help....

shontel_chanelle (not verified) 7 November 2010 - 3:36pm

Im having a really hard time with my POA sba can anyone give me some tips. oh and who else does chemistry, i would love 2 have a study buddy.

TyeGemz (not verified) 11 November 2010 - 11:31am

hey really need this..Can i get a benefit of an backward linkage explained to me pleasssssse!!!

iya (not verified) 6 July 2011 - 11:22pm

ex. of forward and backward linkages

guest (not verified) 30 August 2011 - 12:10pm

hi , i was jus wondering if anyone can help me with the government regulation. can someone plase explan this for me please i really need the help.

Kamael123 (not verified) 3 September 2011 - 12:25am

There is a group on fb name CSEC P.O.B you should join it it helps with sba.
10. Linkages-. A linkage industry is an industry which is associated or connected to other industries in such a way that the existence of one is dependent on the other, or it enhances the other’s production process. These industries are also referred to as ‘spin-off’ and ‘screwdriver’ industries. You will be required to:

(a.) state the type(s) of linkages your intended business will create and

(b) Why will you create those linkages?

Kamael123 (not verified) 3 September 2011 - 12:26am

In reply to by guest (not verified)

. Government Regulations- Governments in any country has regulations as it relates to the setting up and operations of a business. You are required state some regulations that are enforced in your country as it relates to businesses. e.g. require to pay taxes.

kemo (not verified) 9 November 2011 - 4:03pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

this is the registration of compaines. it will be legal entity and will up hold all laws of the country

guest (not verified) 25 November 2011 - 2:34pm

i'm doing a fashion designing company that has a store as well, but not sure wat linkage i shud put. i manufacture my own designs and distribute to other store also. can sum1 plz help me out? thanks in advance

guest (not verified) 3 January 2012 - 3:13pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

government regulations is stating where the business is register and law of the employees and stuff like that

guest (not verified) 19 February 2012 - 11:14pm

cant seem to get the production par in my sba im doing a bakery and cant seem to understand the production of my business

sasha (not verified) 9 July 2012 - 12:55pm

backward linkage is when one business depends on another business for goods and services while a forward linkage is when one industry produce goods for another industry

guest (not verified) 16 August 2012 - 1:19pm

i rlly need sme hlp ere.......what benefits r associated with Backward linkages i cant seem 2 figure it out...

guest (not verified) 10 October 2012 - 8:59pm

"Backward linkages" - backward linkages occur when the demands on an industry lead to the establishment of other industries to provide for the needs of this industry.
eg:A producer of orange juice may find it necessary to set up orange orchards to supplies his needs for oranges rather than depend on farms to supply him with all his needs for oranges.The producer of orange juice has made a (backward link) for his raw materials.

guest (not verified) 10 October 2012 - 9:05pm

"Forward Linkages"- The finished producer of one industry becomes the raw materials of another industry.
eg: Producers of sugar (finished product) depend on producers of food items one beverages to purchase their goods since sugar is an important ingredient in most drinks and food items.

guest (not verified) 18 December 2012 - 12:08am

i am having trouble with the potential for growth with my pob sba can someone please explain it to me under the topic establishing a business.

guest (not verified) 18 December 2012 - 9:01pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

Firstly...When doing these questions, I suggest having the criteria infront of you so you can see where the marks are allocated. Think of your business...for

1) Internal Growth
How can you achieve this within your business..think on a smaller scale? Can you hire more labour? Move to a larger building perhaps? Purchase more/bigger equipment?

2) External Growth
Is there a large enough market for your product(s)so that you can expand in your level or type of production? Can you diversify, link up with others? (What other related products could be produced. What new products/services can you offer?

You don't have to answer ALL these question's within that question because it has to be flowing and there is a word limit...but this can just help with answering the question

guest (not verified) 31 December 2012 - 12:58am

someone plz help!!! what is one benefit of a backward linkage??

guest (not verified) 30 January 2013 - 9:27pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

the person not u alone uh them things jus givin me stress jus kno i go hav gray hair e ASIA plzz i need to do that very bad especially with dat linkage thing

guest (not verified) 9 February 2013 - 7:43pm

i am having difficulty in finding out the benefits dat will can be derived from a bakery if it is foward linkage sumbudy please help me

guest (not verified) 28 February 2013 - 1:08am

can some please help me with the linkages present/exist in a music store

guest (not verified) 9 March 2013 - 5:05pm

Forward Linkage
If the final product or finished products of one industry is used in another industry as its raw material then a forward linkage occurs. For example, sugar produced from a sugar factory is used by a bakery to make pastries. Sugar is therefore the end product of one industry and used as raw material in another. Other examples include agriculture and canning, lumber and construction and cattle farming and meat processing.

A backward linkage occurs when the demands of an industry leads to the establishment of other industries to produce for the needs of this industry. For example, the establishment of several multinational fast food restaurants in the Caribbean has led to new businesses being established to supply these restaurants with raw materials (vegetables, ground provisions, meats and paper based products).

guest (not verified) 2 June 2013 - 10:38am

In reply to by Kiffij (not verified)

i find dis useful
wats d interal n external structure of a photostudio

guest (not verified) 17 November 2013 - 10:33pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

government regulations often aims to attract new businesses to locate their own country

to control the location of certain businesses that may change the environment or the health of local residents.....Ash waz here !

guest (not verified) 13 February 2014 - 10:51am

In reply to by guest (not verified)

a bakery will benefit from forward linkages when it sells its products to different outlets,by this the business will then grow as more demand is being made for that particular good ,also it reduces the dependence on imported goods

guest (not verified) 7 September 2014 - 5:11pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

Thanks this helped a lot cause i was stock on that part i didn't know what to do... thank you

guest (not verified) 31 December 2014 - 11:08am

I have a cafe . What kind of linkage is that and what is the advantages ?

guest (not verified) 4 January 2015 - 8:16pm

This have nothing 2 do with ur SBA
in Potential For Growth i need further information in externally / external growth

guest (not verified) 4 January 2015 - 10:35pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

How will a hair industry benefit from a forward linkage?

guest (not verified) 19 January 2015 - 10:51pm

In reply to by Kiffij (not verified)

thank you very much you really helped me

guest (not verified) 19 January 2015 - 11:48pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

it's a soul trader in other words (one man business)
all the profit made goes to you,small businesses require less capital,business affairs can be kept confidential are some advantages of a soul trader

guest (not verified) 21 January 2015 - 10:42pm

I'm doing a pob sba on a spa n salon and im having difficulties with potential growth can someone explain it a give examples please

guest (not verified) 26 January 2015 - 5:59pm

what firm does a salon have forward and backward linkage with

guest (not verified) 10 February 2015 - 4:18pm

Am having trouble with my pob sba what is forward linkage in an icecreame company and what is quality controls measures I Ave already figure out the backward linkage

guest (not verified) 3 March 2015 - 9:00pm

What are the backward and forward linkages of a store that sells cosmetics?

guest (not verified) 7 March 2015 - 3:53pm


guest (not verified) 6 June 2015 - 6:02pm

Hi, can get some assistance in finding out which linkage industry I should choose for a production of local juices...I provide myself with my raw materials so I'm lost

guest (not verified) 24 June 2015 - 8:01pm

for the spa you could have your massage creams and etc for your business

guest (not verified) 24 July 2015 - 6:14pm

what are the advantages of a backward linkage?

guest (not verified) 27 July 2015 - 5:04pm

In reply to by guest (not verified)

I need help im not sure how to explain backward and forward linkage

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