CXC CSEC Social Studies exam guide - Section A: Individual, family and society

CXC CSEC Social Studies Exam Guide (effective May/June 2010) Section A: Individual, Family and Society

CXC CSEC Social Studies Exam Guide (effective May/June 2010)

Section A: Individual, Family and Society


The students should be able to:


Explain and use correctly concepts and terms associated with the family as listed in content 1,

Explanation of the following concepts and terms associated with the family:

(a) marriage

(b) annulment

(c) legal separation

(d) divorce

(e) alimony

(f) Kinship

(g) sibling

(h) status

(i) extended family

(j) nuclear family

(k) monogamy

(l) bigamy

(m) polyandry

(n) polygyny

(o) inheritance

(p) patriarchal

(q) matriarchal

(r) patrifocal

(s) matrifocal

(t) matrilineal

(u) patrilineal

(v) incest

2. Describe the major functions of the family;

The functions of the family in contemporary Caribbean society:

(a) As a unit of procreation

(b) As a social unit for rearing
children, namely, the socialization of
the individual;

(c) As a economic unit for satisfying
basic needs;

(d) As a social unit for satisfying
emotional and psychological

3. Compare different family types and unions in the Caribbean;

Difference in family types and unions in the Caribbean:

Types - nuclear,
sibling households,
single parent family

Unions - visiting relationships, common law or consensual,
legal marriage.


examine the roles, relationships, and responsibilities of adult and sibling members of a Caribbean family;

Roles, relationships and responsibilities of adult and sibling members of the Caribbean family.

5. Explain the causes and effects of the changes in the roles of family members in Caribbean Society.

Factors which contribute to the hanging roles and responsibilities of members of the Caribbean family:

(a) Status of women in society;

(b) Choice of employment;

(c) Available technology;

(d) Leisure activities;

(e) Educational opportunities.

Results of the changing roles and responsibilities of members of the Caribbean family:

(a) Identity crisis;

(b) Marginalisation of the male;

(c) Role conflict;

(d) Development of self esteem and confidence of women/
independence of women.

6. Describe factors which assist in the preparation for parenthood.

Preparation for parenthood - physical, economic, emotional and psychological readiness.


Examine the characteristics of effective parenting

Characteristics of a good parent:

(a) problem solving skills;

(b) communcation skills;

(c) socializing skills;

(d) disciplinary skills;

(e) knowledge of good nutrition;

(f) showing love/warmth;

(g)money management skills.


Formulate strategies for dealing with contemporary social issues that influence Caribbean family life.

Contemporary social issues which influence Caribbean family life:

(a) child abuse,

(b) incest,

(c) street children,

(d) promiscuity,

(e) sexually transmitted diseases,

(e) teenage pregnancy,

(f) juvenile delinquency,

(g) substance abuse,

(h) poverty,

(i) domestic violence,

(j) desertion,

(k) alternative life styles,

(l) suicide,

(m) care and concern for the aged and
those with special needs.

9. Assess the reasons for laws tp protect the family in social situations as listed in content (9);

Laws related to,

(a) inheritance,

(b) childcare

(c) legal separation

(d) divorce.

(e) domestic violence.

10. Account for the cultural divdersity of the Cariibean region;

The cultural diversity of the Caribbean region.

(a) The existence of cultural patterns,
customs, ceremonies, religins and
festivals in the Caribbean region;

(b) Promotion of ancestral customs, art,
craft, language, music, dance and
folklore by national,organizations and

11. Explain and use correctly terms and concepts associated with social groups and institutions as listed in content (11)

Explanation of the following terms and concepts associated with social groups:

(a) primary group

secondary group

formal group

informal group

peer group

interest group

voluntary and involuntary membership



social copntrol





(b) examples of



formal and

informal groups

found in the Caribbean


Outline the characteristics of primary, secondary, formal and informal groups;

Characteristics of social groups:

(a) structure;

(b) common goals;

(c) voluntary or involuntary

(d) marks of identity;

(e) common needs, interest and

(f) specifiuc ways of interacting
determined by rules and

(g) established patterns of

(h) cooperation to achive group

(i) sanctions

13. Describe the requirements for cohesion in groups and institutions

Requirements for group cohesion:

- leadeship,

- control,

- cooperation,

- authority,

- committment,

- loyalty

14. Explain the different types of interaction within and among social groups;

Aspects of social interction within and among groups:





15. Describe the characteristics of institutons;

Characteristics of institutions:

Institutions as:

(a) A social norm:

(i) Made up of norms, mores, and

(ii) Endure over time

(iii) Can be modified

(iv) Influence the workings of society

(v) Form the basis for the development of organizations.

(b) An organization:

(i) hierarchical structure

(ii) specific function

(iii) written rules

(iv) fixed sanctions

(v) endure over time

(vi) symbols

(vii) rituals

16. Evaluate the functions of institutions in society;

Functions of institutions:

(a) economic

(b) educational

(c) recreational

(d) religious

(e) political

17. Describe the electoral processes and systems used to elect a government in the Commonwealth Caribbean;

(a) definition of the following terms and concepts:

(i) government,

(ii) political party,


(iv) candidate,

(v) electorate,

(vi) voters' list,

(vii) floating voter,

(viii) representative,

(ix) adult sufferage,

(x) franchaise,

(xi) manifesto,

(xii) ballot,

(xiii) hung parliament,

(xiv) government of national unity.

18. Describe how political parties prepare for elections

Preparation for elections:

(a) select candidates

(b) raise funds

(c) conduct campaigns

(d) identify important issues

(e) monitor the party in power/

(f) monitor the electoral process

(g) commission public opinion polls

(h) publish manifesto

19. Outline the factors that influence the outcomes of elections;

Impact of the following on elections:

(a) media coverage

(b) campaign advertising

(c) public opinion polls

(d) voter turnout

(e) voter attitude to government

(f) campaign strategy

(g) campaign spending

20. Describe the factors that influence voter participation in elections;

Influences on voter turnout:

(a) campaign issues

(b) candidates

(c) voter attitudes toward government

(d) voter loyalty to political parties

(e) voter apathy

(f) education

(g) age

(h) income

21. Differentiate among the types of government systems in the Commonwealth Caribbean;

Types of government systems -

crown colony

constitutional monarchy


22. Describe the structure of government;

Sturucture of government - principle of separation of powers.

(a) Legislature -structure, composition
and functions,steps in
making laws, the role of
the opposition,the role of
the head of state.

(b) Executive - compostion and functions,
The role of the Civil

(c) Judiciary - structure of the court
system, Functions of
magistrates' courts, high
courts, privy council,
Caribbean Court of Justice.

(d) Role of the security systems - e.g.
police service, prison

23. Evaluate the functions of government;

Functions of government:

a) raise revenue through direct and
indirect taxation;

(b) provide social services: welfare,
education, health, public utilities;

(c) manange the finances of the country

(d) maintain law and order;

(e) create employment opportunities;

(f) maintain international relations;

(g) defend the nation state.

24. Describe the relationship between citizens and governments as stated in the constitution;

relationship between citizen and government as stated in the constitution,

(a) Definition of the following terms and concepts,




(b) human rights,

freedom and responsibility

(c) role of the Ombudsman

25. Identify the essentials of good governance

characteristics of good governance -


independence of the judiciary,



responsiveness to the needs of

access to information,

prudent use of resources,

efficient civil service


tolerance of freedom of


Interpret statistical data in the form of tables, graphs and charts on elections.

statistical data relating to elections.

Section B: Sustainable Development and Use of Resources


guest (not verified) 20 November 2011 - 9:26pm

26??!! 26 objectives in ONE section of a syllabus??!!
What madness is that??? That is too many objectives for one syllabus section! Why don't they throw the kitchen sink and the dog bowl in there while they are at it? They have everything else in there.

*smh* somebody needs to talk to these people about curriculum development.

guest (not verified) 16 March 2012 - 10:52pm


Rushardo (not verified) 31 March 2012 - 2:51pm

this is were i am going to study

shanakay (not verified) 6 May 2013 - 9:36pm

it is long but i will try my best in passing it loving the site it helps me alot

Campion Student (not verified) 25 May 2013 - 4:58pm

SOME of the subjects CXC sets the paper like they WANT the students to fail.

ruth wilson (not verified) 30 May 2013 - 9:18pm

o plz u all need help all a this and we teacher ent teach half god helf we in tht exams tomorrow

Campion Student (not verified) 2 June 2013 - 9:32pm

In reply to by ruth wilson (not verified)

Could you please rewrite that comment mate. I can't understand what you wrote....I'm from England not really good in patois thank you.

Kyrelenesparkle (not verified) 13 November 2014 - 7:20pm

I am trying to study for social studies CXC and I find this site interesting and helpful <3

Marie (not verified) 16 November 2015 - 7:08am

Need information on the family, relationships, cultures etc

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