CXC CSEC exam guide: Human and Social Biology - Section B: Life Processes: Unit 7: The Reproductive System



CXC Human and Social Biology exam guide: Life processes Unit 6


CXC CSEC exam guide: Human and Social Biology

SECTION B- LIFE PROCESSES

UNIT 7: Reproductive system

Specific Objectives

Students should be able to:

Explanatory notes

1

distinguish between sexual and asexual reproduction;

2

describe the structure and function of the reproductive systems in human beings;

Include the structure of the gametes, diagram of systems required ; related disorders such as ovarian, cervical and prostate cancer.

(Link to Specific Objective A4;D7)

3

describe the menstrual cycle;

Use of diagram for illustration; include role of hormones; folicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

luteinising hormone (LH), oestrogen, progesterone.

(Link to Specific Objective B6.15)

4

explain ovulation, fertilisation, implantation and development of the embryo;

Diagram of foetus in uterus required;

role of placenta, umbilical cord, and amniotic sac;

minute details of stages of development are not required.

5. describe the birth process;
6. outline the importance of prenatal care;

Importance of ante-natal and post-natal care including the advantages of breastfeeding.

7.

explain how birth control methods prevent pregnancy;

Natural, barrier, hormonal and surgical.

8. explain the advantages and disadvantages of birth control methods;

Include the use of condoms to prevent STIs

9. discuss the issues related to abortion

Include spontaneous abortion (miscarriage); reasons for; advantages and disadvantages of abortion.

10. explain the importance of family planning;

Social and economic implications.

11. use tables charts and diagrams to represent data.


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